The origins of human language will perhaps remain for ever obscure. By contrast the origin of individual languages has been the subject of very precise study over the past two centuries.

There are about 5000 languages spoken in the world today (a third of them in Africa), but scholars group them together into relatively few families - probably less than twenty. Languages are linked to each other by shared words or sounds or grammatical constructions. The theory is that the members of each linguistic group have descended from one language, a common ancestor. In many cases that original language is judged by the experts to have been spoken in surprisingly recent times - as little as a few thousand years ago.

This site will guide you through the different alphabets in the world. Learn the Japanese alphabet, the greek alphabet, the english alphabet, the arabic alphabet, the cyrillic alphabet, the hebrew alphabet, the korean alphabet and more!

Japanese Alphabet


The Japanese alphabet has two kinds of alphabet, Hiragana and Katakana. Hiragana is used when we have no Japanese characters (Kanji) for the words or we don’t remember the right Kanji. Katakana is used mainly for foreign names. The Japanese alphabet consists of 99 sounds formed with 5 vowels (a, e, i, o, and u) and 14 consonants (k, s, t, h, m, y, r, w, g, z, d, b, p, and n).

English Alphabet


The English alphabet consists of 26 letters derived from the Latin alphabet. English is a West Germanic language related to Dutch, Frisian and German with a significant amount of vocabulary from French, Latin, Greek and many other languages.

English evolved from the Germanic languages brought to Britain by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and other Germanic tribes, which are known collectively as Anglo-Saxon or Old English. Old English began to appear in writing during the early 8th century AD.

Approximately 341 million people speak English as a native language and a further 267 million speak it as a second language in over 104 countries.

Greek Alphabet


The history of the Greek alphabet starts with the adoption of Phoenician letter forms and continues to the present day. The Phoenician alphabet was strictly speaking an abjad that was consistently explicit only about consonants, though even by the 9th century BC it had developed matres lectionis to indicate some, mostly final, vowels. This arrangement is much less suitable for Greek than for Semitic languages, and these matres lectionis, as well as several Phoenician letters which represented consonants not present in Greek, were adapted to represent vowels consistently, if not unambiguously; consequently the Greek alphabet can be considered to be the world’s first true alphabet.

Learn about the different alphabets around the world